Why are aquatic plants essential in aquariums? There are multiple reasons behind that. Aquatic plants surely serve a significant role, especially to the fish. Aside from bringing additional attraction that can make the tank look more attractive. It is highly recommended for both starters and experts to keep aquatic plants in their aquariums.
When keeping aquatic plants in the tank, there are things to consider regarding selecting and preparing the plants suitable for the fish. Some aquatic plants may vary on the type of water the fish originate from: freshwater, brackish, and saltwater/marine.
Here are the aquatic plants best for:
- Freshwater – Java Moss, Dwarf Baby Tears, Bacopa, American Waterweed, Micro Crypt, Marimo Bal, Dwarf Hairgrass, Marsilea Minuta, Pygmy Chain Sword, Pogostemon Helferi, Dwarf Sagittaria, Green Hygro, Sunset Hygro, Amazon Sword, Java Fern, Rotala Rotundifolia, Hornwort, Moneywort, Guppy Grass, Pelia Moss, Anubias Nana
- Brackish – Carolina Fanwort, Parrot Feather, Dwarf Water Lettuce, Marimo moss balls, Brazilian micro sword, Seaside Brookweed, Mexican Oak Leaf, Dwarf Chain Sword, African Water Fern, African Tiger Lotus, Vesicularia Dubyana, Glossostigma elatinoides, Anubias, Water spangles, Duckweed, Water sprite, Aponogeton crispus, Bacopa Caroliniana, Cryptocoryne ciliata, Java fern.
- Saltwater/Marine – Red Gracilaria Algae, Green Finger Plant, Red Mangrove Propagule, Dragon’s Tongue Algae, Sea Lettuce, Spaghetti Algae, Turtle Grass Shoots, Mermaid’s Fan, Tufted Joint Algae, Halimeda
After determining the exact aquatic plants for your tanks, here is the best part. These are the benefits of Aquatic Plants in an Aquarium:
- Aquatic plants as adornments, will create a stunning aquatic landscape and conceal some components such as filters, pipes, from view, thus improving the visual appearance.
- Aquatic plants have the advantage of competing with algae. Plants help enhance the water quality, it also prevents the algae from stealing nutrients that are good for the fish.
- Aquatic Plants serve as a filtration system, clearing build-ups of carbon dioxide. These plants have a vital role since it absorbs ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates from waste which can be harmful to fish. With that, it produces oxygen used by fish that helps stabilize pH. This feature is vital to fish for their survival since they need O2. Fish, in return, release CO₂, which plants utilize as a nutrition source.
- Aquatic plants provide shelter and permanent habitat for fish inside the tank, and fish tend to feel safe with plants. As long as they feel alive and at home, they generate more vivid colors, the brighter they are, which means they are healthy and happy. Because of that, plants encourage many types of fish to breed and will serve as a sanctuary for newly hatched fry and shelter them until they mature.
Here are the easy directions on how to plant aquatic plants in your aquarium:
Prepare your clean tank.
Prepare the precise aquatic plants, and if desired, adding rocks and other aquatic decors is best; it should be washed and cleaned before putting it. Once the aquarium is half full, make sure to add aquatic plants along with other rocks or ornaments.
When positioning plants, it’s good to place smaller ones toward the front and larger ones on the tank’s backside; it provides a space and an open swimming area. When all plants and other ornaments are in place, continue filling the aquarium with water within an inch of the top rim.
Useful tips: time to time checking of water temperature is a must and proper light is needed.
Aquatic plants in the aquarium are beneficial towards the fish since it conveys their natural habitat. It will make the aquarium look more natural; the more plants, the happier the fish. Hence it makes them relaxed and healthy.